When Do You Plant Collards

* Set out spring plants 3 to 4 weeks before the last frost; in late summer, plant 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost for fall and winter harvests. Direct sow when the soil can be worked in the spring. Use seedlings to replant in mid-summer for a fall harvest.

Is it too late to plant collard greens?

Collard greens are a cool season vegetable and are often planted in late summer to early autumn for winter harvest in the south. Collards are frost tolerant, so growing collard greens in USDA growing zones 6 and below is an ideal late season crop. Frost actually improves the flavor of collard greens.

How long does it take to grow collard greens?

The plants should come up in 6 to 12 days. However, the colder the soil is, the more slowly the seeds will sprout. For a fall crop, plant the seeds in the garden about 80 days before frost, which corresponds to August or September in most areas of Texas. Seed them heavily and then thin them.

What month do you plant greens?

Greens can be sown directly in the garden starting in spring and, in cool areas, planted throughout the summer until September. If you want to get a jump on the season, start seeds four to six weeks before the last frost date in your area so they can be planted two to three weeks later.

Do collards come back each year?

Do collard greens come back every year? Collard greens are biennials and known as a “cut and come again vegetable.” In other words, these are just veggies that are harvested in a different way than most people are used to. The leaves grow in a “rosette” which means they circulate from the inside out.

Can I plant collards in December?

Collards can be planted throughout the fall and into spring, but allowing them to mature during the freezes of winter will improve the flavor of the leaves. Because the temperatures drop significantly throughout December, it is best to plant starts or transplants of collard greens instead of seeds at this time.

How do I keep bugs from eating my collard greens?

Spicy foods such as onion, garlic and hot pepper are fatally irritating to pests on collards. Make a garlic or hot pepper spray by steeping a few cloves of garlic or a teaspoon of cayenne pepper in a quart of water for about an hour. You can also add a chopped, raw onion to the water.

Can you grow collard greens in the summer?

It’s a wonder they’re so popular because they tend to attract a lot of pests. But the secret to growing these large green leaves is to grow them at the right time. Although collards will flourish in summer, they’re less likely to attract pests in winter. And as the weather cools, the flavor of collards sweetens.

Will collards grow in the winter?

Collard greens are the most cold resistant of any plant in the cold-hardy Brassica family. Collards can withstand winter temps. down to 5 F. and they usually come through the cold even more flavorful.

What is the best fertilizer for collard greens?

Nitrogen is essential for collards to produce high-quality leaves. Side dress the plants with 5 pounds of calcium nitrate (15.5-0-0) per 1000 square feet or 300 feet of row three to four weeks after planting. For smaller gardens, use ½ pound of calcium nitrate fertilizer per 100 square feet or 30 feet of row.

Can I plant greens now?

Frankly, you can plant most vegetables now and many can be sown or placed in the garden through the rest of the summer. Forget peas at this point, but if you find broccoli or kale plants, these will grow well from now into the fall. Sow lettuce seeds every two or three weeks for continual harvests all summer long.

What can I plant next to collard greens?

Good Companion plants for Collard Greens include: Potatoes. Celery. Dill. Chamomile. Sage. Thyme. Mint. Pennyroyal.

Can I eat collard greens with holes?

Fortunately, there’s good news! Greens with holes in them that were created by feeding insects or slugs should be fine to eat, if you cut away the damaged parts. However, there are times when you do want to avoid produce that has been damaged by the local wildlife.

How do you know when to pick collard greens?

Collard leaves are ready for harvest as soon as they reach usable size. They will be most tasty when picked young–less than 10 inches long and dark green. Older leaves will be tough and stringy. Collard greens are ready for harvest 75 to 85 days from transplants, 85 to 95 days from seed.

Can you eat collard greens that have gone to seed?

The best advice when confronted with bolting collards is to immediately harvest the leaves or attempt to slow the bolting by removing the flower stalks. Bolting does not mean your harvest is lost, although it can diminish the collard greens’ flavor.

Do I need to cover collards for frost?

Frost Protection Floating row covers do not protect collards from the weight of heavy snows or heavy frosts. Hoop tunnels or cold frames offer more substantial frost protection and in most climates gardeners can grow collards through most of the winter.

Can collards survive snow?

Collards, kale, leeks, parsley and some herbs are reliable producers through the winter even when temperatures drop below zero. Snow cover often helps them to survive.

How long will collards produce?

55 to 75 days Botanical Name Brassica oleracea L. subsp. acephala Hardiness Zones 6 to 11 (USDA); grown as an annual in all zones.