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A fireplace damper is a small door inside a fireplace, usually near the base of the chimney. Typically made from cast iron or other heat-resistant metal (sometimes ceramic), the damper essentially opens and closes the chimney.
Where are fireplace dampers located?
Fireplace dampers are a type of damper usually located at the base of the chimney and around its throat just above the firebox. Flue dampers, which you can find at the base of a flue. Chimney cap dampers, which are typically located at the top of a chimney.
Do all fireplaces have dampers?
Every Fireplace has a chimney damper. This is a movable plate that sits above the fireplace before the flue. If you pull the lever toward you, generally that will open most of the dampers. When the damper is closed, it helps to keep heated air from going up the chimney.
How do I know if my fireplace damper is open?
Before lighting a fire, you can tell if the damper is open by placing your hand into the fireplace. If you feel a draft coming down the chimney, it is a good indicator that the damper is open. If you don’t feel any cold air coming down the chimney, it means that the damper is closed.
How do I close my fireplace damper?
To open or close the damper, lift the handle and push or pull to move the damper to the desired position. Replace the handle when the damper is in place.
Is a damper and flue the same thing?
A damper is located in the flue of your chimney. The flue is where the smoke escapes when the fire is going. Dampers are placed inside of the flue to help control ventilation.
Can you use a fireplace without a damper?
Whether your fireplace is gas or wood-burning, if it was built with a pre-fabricated insert, then it almost certainly has a damper. And while older wood-burning fireplaces can function safely without a damper (gas fireplaces cannot), a chimney without a damper is just a gaping hole in the roof of your house.
What is a fireplace damper clip?
Damper clamps, also known as damper locks, are little pieces of hardware like the image above. Damper clamps keep the chimney’s damper from closing, allowing dangerous gases to escape the firebox in the case of a gas leak. This piece is imperative to home safety.
When should I close the damper on my fireplace?
A fireplace damper should always be kept open while the fire is burning. Furthermore, keep the damper open until all the embers are done burning. Smoke and dangerous carbon monoxide can enter the house. Once the ember bed is completely out, close the damper.
Should flue be open or closed?
The damper should always be fully open before lighting a fire and when the fireplace is in use. Close it when it’s not it use. Operating the fireplace with the damper partially closed will not generate more heat. Instead, blocking the passage through the flue will result in smoke entering the home.
Should fireplace damper be open in summer?
The chimney damper is the last line of defense to keep water and critters out of your home. Even if you have a chimney cap, it is a good idea to keep the damper closed in the summer. The hot, humid air that the damper lets into the chimney won’t air out chimney odors. It may actually cause your chimney to smell.
How do you tell if your chimney is blocked?
Signs of a blocked chimney and its flue liner include: An excessive smell of smoke during a fire. A white residue on the walls of the flue liner. Water leakage. Debris falling towards the base of the fireplace.
How do you close a flue?
How to Close the Chimney Flue Turn off the gas to the fireplace or wait for wood to burn out. Put on work gloves to keep your hands free of soot. Push the lever up slightly to disengage it from its support tab and then pull it away from the tab horizontally as the damper lowers into a closed position.
How do I stop the cold air coming in my fireplace?
Keep cold air out Along with the common throat damper located just above the firebox, some homeowners add a top-sealing damper at the top of the chimney to double their protection. Another great way to block cold air is with a chimney balloon or plug.
Can you leave damper open overnight?
Leave the damper open overnight. Yes, you will lose some heat up the flue, but you will save the occupants of the home from poisoning by colorless, odorless carbon monoxide. Only when they are completely cold to the touch is it safe to shut the fireplace damper.
How do you open a flue?
Some open the flue by rotating a knob in the anticlockwise or clockwise direction, while others require you to pull or push to open the flue.
What is the lever for on my fireplace?
in your home are turned off when burning your fire. Also, some wood burning fireplaces have a lever to open or close the outside air vent to the fireplace. If your fireplace has this lever (usually located on the left inside panel) make sure the outside air vent is in the open (or up) position.
Do all fireplaces have a flue?
Every wood-burning or gas fireplace has a flue. Gel and faux fireplaces do not have chimneys or flues. Chimney flues have traditionally been made from fireclay flue tile.
Is a damper necessary?
Newer models of wood stove don’t typically require a damper. A damper was traditionally used on older, less efficient, models of stove to help reduce the flow of air leaving the firebox. Certified modern stoves meet stringent regulations and typically won’t need a damper to perform well.