How To Build Balcony Railing

Which railing is best for balcony?

What’s the Best Material for Balcony Railings? SS (stainless steel) SS is one of the premium materials used for balcony railings that can give the balcony a high-end modern look. MS (mild steel) Aluminium. Glass. Wood. Concrete. Cast iron and wrought iron railings.

What is code for balcony railings?

Building codes require guards and railings for decks, balconies, and other surfaces that are more than 30 inches above the ground. The required height for railings is between 34 inches and 38 inches, measured above the finished stair tread nosings.

What is the standard height of a balcony railing?

The International Residential Code requires balcony railings to be 36 inches high for homes. For business or fencing use, the railings should be 42 or 48 inches. Each community has different height requirements to determine if the porch or balcony requires railings.

How far apart are deck railing posts?

U.S. building code requires support posts for the rail structure to be no further apart than 6 feet on a deck with 4×4′ deck rail posts and no more than 8 feet apart for decks with 6×6′ deck rail posts. Posts should be no further apart than 5.5 feet on stairs.

How tall should a deck railing be?

The IRC requires guardrails to be at least 36″ in height measured from the deck surface to the top of the rail. Commercial decks attached to multifamily buildings regulated under the International Building Code (IBC) require 42″ high guardrails.

What type of wood is used for deck railings?

Budget friendly deck rails are generally wood, usually pressure treated lumber, cedar or pine. The materials are inexpensive to buy and install but wood rails do come with increased maintenance costs.

What’s the height of a handrail?

The height of a handrail, measured vertically above the floor, walkway surface or the nosing of a stair tread, shall not be less that 900mm or greater than 1100mm, as shown in figure 5.3 and 6.1. The height of the top of the handrail shall be consistent through the ramp (or stairs) and any landings.

Should deck joists be 2×6 or 2×8?

In general terms, joists spaced 16 inches on center can span 1.5 times in feet their depth in inches. A 2×8 up to 12 feet; 2×10 to 15 feet and 2×12 to 18 feet. The larger the deck, the larger the joists. 2×6 joists should only be used on ground-level decks that do not require, and will not provide for, any guards.

Should I use deck boards or 2×6?

2×6 is thicker and is stronger, but is also more expensive. Spacing between deck boards provide a few critical functions. The primary function is to drain water from the deck. Gaps that are narrow (1/8”), can catch debris, specifically on top of the joists, and can be difficult to clean out.

How do you build a porch railing?

Step-by-Step Instructions for Building DIY Porch Railings Gather the tools and materials. Lay it all out. Cut the top and bottom rails. Cut the balusters. Pre-drill holes in railings. Pre-drill holes in balusters. Attach balusters to the top rail. Attach the bottom rail to balusters.

Does a railing have to be continuous?

Handrail Continuity: Handrail must be continuous within the full length of each stair flight or ramp run. Inside handrails on switchback or dogleg stairs and ramps shall be continuous between flights or runs. Handrails are not to be obstructed along their tops or sides.

What is the maximum gap between spindles?

U.S. building codes mandate that balusters have no more than a 4-inch gap between them. This relatively tight amount of spacing still allows for visibility between spindles, but also stands as a safety measure to prevent small children from becoming stuck between spindles or from slipping through the balusters.

What is the maximum height of a deck without railing?

He’d made a point of building his deck so as to stay under the 30-inch requirement–which is the maximum deck height you can have without a railing.

How wide should a balcony be?

Going from 6 to 8 feet will make it more comfortable, but any deeper is mostly only useful when hosting large groups. A recent study on raising children in tall buildings by the City of Toronto suggests minimum dimensions of 2.4 metres (approximately 8 feet) deep by 2.7 metres (approximately 22 feet) wide.

Do I need a handrail for 3 steps?

A: Editorial Adviser Mike Guertin replies: Since your stairs will have only three risers, you don’t need to install a handrail. That said, it’s important to count the number of risers accurately.

Can I use 4×4 for deck posts?

Deck posts must be a minimum of 4×4 according to the IRC but many jurisdictions require a 6×6 post as a standard. To avoid code violations, many deck builders choose the 6×6 even if the 4×4 is acceptable.

How high should my newel post be?

There are several methods of how to install a newel post but the first step is cutting the stair newel post to the correct height. Typically floor level balustrades must be at least 36” high or 42” high, depending on local codes and stair guardrails must be between 34” and 38”.

What is the minimum height for balcony railing?

Guardrails on open-sided surfaces (like stairs, balconies, decks, porches, etc.) must be at least 36 inches in height measured from the top of the rail to (1) the walking surface, (2) fixed seating, or (3) the line connecting the leading edges of the treads.

How do I choose a deck railing?

Tips for Choosing the Right Deck Railing Choose the Right (and Legal) Railing Height. Height is one of the most important aspects when it comes to your deck railing. Select the Best Material, Color, and Style. Ask the Experts. Be Code Dependent. See Your Railing (Virtually) Before You Buy.